English in the ClassroomEnglish for Academic Purposes (EAP) is often the focus for prospective students who plan on attending educational institutions, such as colleges or universities, in an English-speaking environment. The dual aims of EAP include a study of the English language and giving special attention to the specific ‘study skills’ which any student may encounter in secondary (high school) or tertiary (university or college) levels.  

These study skills are directly related to the four main skills highlighted in the English as a Foreign Language section of this site.  Of these four skills, listeninng is of special importance in both classrooms and lecture halls. Listening, combined with both speaking (in classroom discussions and presentations) and writing (while taking notes of all kinds) cannot be overemphasized. Being able to listen and write quickly and understandably is critical to success in the lecture hall and classroom. While reading texts and journal articles might constitute a majority of subject matter (in time and volume) studied in a course, listening is the primary source of input in the classroom itself.

“The key determinant of what an EAP course should contain is whether or not the subject course (emphasis added) is taught in English.” (Dudley-Evans & St. John, 1998, p. 34)  Dudley-Evans and St. John continue and note that additional considerations must be given to what they refer to as ‘situations’.  There are four types of situations and they are:

Depending on the type of situation, the second language, or English, will be presented differently. The approach to learning, the syllabus and selected activities will be tailored to the context of the situation.

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Last Updated: November 10, 2016